Obesity And Insulin Resistance Are Major Risk Factors For Fatty Liver Disease

Obesity and insulin resistance is a major risk factor for fatty liver disease, according to a study published in the “Annals of Medicine.” The study is titled “Effects of moderate red wine consumption on liver fat and blood lipids.”

It has been thought that even moderate amounts of alcohol can cause fatty liver. However, this study questions that belief. It has found that obesity and insulin resistance is a greater risk factor for fatty liver than moderate intakes of alcohol.

For three months, participants in the study were randomly asked to

  • Abstain from alcohol
  • Or drink one glass of red wine per day for women
  • Or drink two glasses of red wine per day for men.

The fatty content of their livers were measured for each participant before and after the test.

The results of the test indicate that the moderate red wine consumption had little to no affect on fat content in
the liver. After three months of moderate red wine consumption, none of the moderate red wine drinkers developed fatty liver.

However, fatty liver was highly correlated with obesity and insulin resistance.

Recent research has shown that the best way to reverse fatty liver and restore liver function is through a change in diet
and exercise routine. With the proper diet and increase in physical activity, excess weight can be lost. However, the weight loss must be done slowly at a rate of no more than 1 or 2 pounds per week. Believe it or not, a sudden weight loss can actually make your fatty liver problem worse by introducing liver inflammation.

In summary, this study indicates that moderate alcohol use does not cause fatty liver. This disease does have a connection with obesity and insulin resistance. Fatty liver, fortunately, can be reversed by slowly losing excess weight with an increase in physical activity and a change in diet.

For additional information, see Fatty Liver Diet.